Drinking Water Purification Methods

Water is life for all living beings. Be it plants or animals, hygienic water is essential for survival. But, obtaining it from every source is not safe for consumption.

Water is poisonous or determined to be potentially harmful to the health of a consumer. This is because significant amounts of chemicals enter into our sources.

The damage that these chemicals and contaminants can do to us is both wide ranging and alarming. There is however no reason why we should have to drink it in its polluted state since there are numerous devices that can help to filter thus convert it into not only a drinkable state, but a healthy state.

Most people just think that water purification methods only involve removing contaminants like lead, chlorine, synthetic chemicals, cysts, herbicides, and pesticides. Although this is the most important thing that needs to be done, the best water purification systems will also keep all the natural minerals found in water in it. This is important for a few reasons…

There are a plethora of methods used for water purification that help remove unwanted biological and chemical contaminants from it, so as to make water fit for human consumption.

Let’s look at some of the various methods of purifying drinking water. It is to be noted that if the water is colored or muddy, it should be filtered through clean cloth or allowed to settle down before undergoing the purification process.

Bottled water is treated and therefore safe . It is ready-to-use and hence very suitable compared to raw h20, which needs further purification.

Boiling is the simplest form of purification. It disinfects from disease-causing microorganisms which are mostly present in lakes and rivers. It is observed that water temperature at 100ºC kills almost all the germs. However, some fungal pathogens and their spores get killed only at 118ºC.

To be on the safe side, it is recommended to boil for a few minutes before drinking.

A method of purification in which the contaminants are actually removed is known as filtration. It has a benefit of giving instant access to drinking water without experiencing an unpleasant taste. The major weakness of filtration is that it can’t filter viruses. Also, it is expensive and even a micro-crack in the medium allows a passage of unfiltered water. So, after filtration, it is always suggested to disinfect by using chemicals or ultraviolet light.

Chemical treatment is one of the most important purification methods in which it is purified by using chemical halogens. Chlorine and iodine are most widely used chemicals for purification. The efficiency of this method depends on the temperature of water, the chemical concentration and the contact time.

Another purification method called ultraviolet radiation is effective against all sorts of microorganisms and also it restores the water composition and taste.

By taking care in everyday life we can help protect the environment as well as conserve water and more importantly protect oneself from harmful health problems.

Intake of demineralized water over the long-run will increase your chances of having mineral deficiencies later in life. Secondly, since demineralized water is more acidic than alkaline, minerals are pulled from your bones and teeth the neutralize it. Then lastly, when your bodily fluids are more acidic, free radical production increases and your risk of having cancer increases as well.


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